The electoral district of Caulfield is one of 88 electoral districts in the Victorian Legislative Assembly. It is located in the inner southern suburbs of Melbourne between the districts of Prahran, Malvern, Oakleigh, Bentleigh, Brighton and Albert Park. Caulfield sits in the federal districts of Melbourne Ports and Goldstein.

It includes the suburbs of Caulfield, Caulfield North, Caulfield South, Caulfield East, Elsternwick, Gardenvale, Ripponlea and Balaclava and parts of St Kilda East, St Kilda, Glenhuntly and Ormond.

Caulfield has a strong and thriving small business community. Across the electorate there are many great retail and business strips including Glen Huntly Road, Hawthorn Road, Balaclava Road and Carlisle Street.

Both the Frankston and Sandringham railway lines run through the Caulfield electorate which is serviced by Balaclava, Ripponlea, Elsternwick, Caulfield, Glen Huntly and Ormond Railway Stations. Stations in Gardenvale and Malvern are also just over the border.

Tram routes 3, 16, 64 and 67 also run through the electorate, providing easy access to railway stations, commercial hotspots and the city.